By Professor James C. Hogan B.A. M.A. Ph.D.
James C. Hogan introduces each one play through highlighting particular and interpretive difficulties correct to that play earlier than turning to a line-by-line research. the road research is accomplished, starting from the meanings of phrases and words that pertain to numerous Greek principles and associations to metaphor and imagery particular to every play in addition to plots and borrowings from previous poetry, types, and characterizations.Along along with his exam of the seven extant performs of Sophocles in English translations, Hogan presents a basic advent to the theatre in Sophocles’ time, discussing staging, the conventions of the Greek theatre, the textual content of the performs, and mythology and faith.
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Additional info for A commentary on the plays of Sophocles
C. He would have been between twenty-five and thirty. For the next sixty years and more he wrote and directed over a hundred plays, seven of which survive. , five years after his death. Until midcentury, like most playwrights, he also acted in his plays. Aristotle (Poetics, chap. ). If we may believe the tradition, Sophocles was actively involved in the political and religious life of fifth-century Athens, perhaps serving as a state treasurer, general, and, in the crisis following the Sicilian disaster, select committeeman.
27374) Yet despite prompt divine action, in Homer's version Oedipus continues his rule in Thebes after full disclosure. In this, as in the negligent inquiry into Laius' death (12930), Sophocles sacrifices some probability by the standards of realism for the dramatic gain to be had from the fall of a king happy and secure in throne and family. 2530 The pestilence affects plants and animals as well as women in childbirth, and if we take a God that carries fire more or less literally, it would seem to be some sort of fever.
Social structures are latent in them and were elaborated in various directions so that, for example, the response of democratic institutions to tyrannical behavior became a topic in the mid-fifth century. Both Sophocles and Euripides greatly extended the psychological dimension of these stories. All of the plays are in some way political, but for the most part the problems have moved beyond Homer's ken. The Homeric Ajax has become a civic hero before Sophocles' play is staged, and that historical fact gives the hero's lot a special poignancy for the Athenian spectators.