Download A History of Indian Literature. Volumen II by By M. Winternitz.Translated by Mrs. S. Ketkar (and Miss H. PDF

By By M. Winternitz.Translated by Mrs. S. Ketkar (and Miss H. Kohn), and revised by the author.

Show description

Read or Download A History of Indian Literature. Volumen II PDF

Best history_1 books

Women's Suffrage in America (Eyewitness History Series)

Chronicles the fight of yank ladies for the correct to vote, from 1800 to their victory in 1920. comprises quotations from modern witnesses via memoirs, letters, and different records of the interval.

Additional info for A History of Indian Literature. Volumen II

Sample text

However, before they were fixed in Pali and had reached Ceylon, they probably also passed through changes in contents. Thus, as regards language and contents, our Pali Tipitaka, though closely approaching the canon compiled under A śoka‚ is yet not identical with it. For we must admit that, in the period from the third to the first century before Christ, when the writing­down took place, and occasionally even still later, the texts suffered many a chango‚ that especially much was added, and that in many cases commentaries penetrated into the texts and became mixed with them.

H. , 627 ff. Only the earliest portions of the monuments, of which little has been preserved, go back to Aêoka's time. Cf. Qrünwedel, 1. c , p. Rapson in Cambridge History, I, p. 523. 24 ; Foucher, 1. c ‚ , p. , p . 627 j BUDDHIST LITERA TURE 17 remnants of the stūpa of Bharhut are at present among the most precious treasures in the Indian Museum at Calcutta, while we are as yet able to admire the magnificent remains of the stūpas of Sanchi in their original place. The railings and gateways of the stūpas of Bharhut and Sānchī are covered with reliefs and inscriptions of inestimable value.

The Khandhakās presup­ pose a still more advanced organisation. We are struck by the far­reaching liberality, if not laxity, in the rules for monastic life. A ccording to the strict regulation the monk is to live only on what he obtains by begging, but he is also allowed to accept invitations to meals. He is to clothe himself in cast­off rags, but he may also wear garments of linen, cotton and even silk. He is to live at the foot of a tree, but he may also seek a more comfortable lodging in houses, huts or caves.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.62 of 5 – based on 38 votes