Download A Laboratory Guide to Frog Anatomy by Eli C. Minkoff PDF

By Eli C. Minkoff

A Laboratory consultant to Frog Anatomy is a handbook that gives crucial info for dissecting frogs. the choice offers accomplished instructions, besides particular illustrations. The textual content covers 5 organ structures, specifically skeletal, muscular, circulatory, urogenital, and frightened procedure. The handbook additionally info a frog’s significant exterior and inner positive aspects.
The e-book might be of significant use to scholars and teachers of biology comparable laboratory path.

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T h e m. r h o m b o i d e u s a n t e r i o r f u n c t i o n s p r i n c i p a l l y as a p r o t r a c t o r o f t h e shoulder girdle. 8. IVI. r h o m b o i d e u s p o s t e r i o r (level 5, F i g s . 1 0 , 1 5 ) . T h i s b r o a d , f l a t , t r i a n ­ gular muscle originates f r o m the neural spines of the third a n d f o u r t h vertebrae, f r o m the transverse process of the f o u r t h vertebra, a n d f r o m t h e t e n d i n o u s s e p t u m t h a t lies b e t w e e n t h e s e , in a s s o c i a t i o n w i t h t h e m.

Its f i b e r s r u n d i a g o n a l l y a c r o s s t h e r a d i o u l n a , t o i n s e r t a l o n g t h e e n t i r e l e n g t h of t h a t b o n e a l o n g its u l n a r m a r g i n . F i b e r s of t h e m . e p i c o n d y l o c u b i t a l i s insert along this same line f r o m t h e o p p o s i t e side. T h e m u s c l e f l e x e s t h e e l b o w a n d w e a k l y r o t a t e s it l a t e r a l l y . M . f l e x o r a n t i b r a c h i i m e d i a i i s (level 5, F i g . 17). T h i s m u s c l e lies o n t h e f l e x o r s i d e of t h e f o r e a r m , c o v e r e d by t h e last t h r e e m u s c l e s .

T h e p r i m a r y f u n c t i o n o f t h i s m u s c l e is t h a t o f a r e t r a c t o r o f t h e s h o u l d e r g i r d l e ; it a l s o f u n c t i o n s , t o g e t h e r w i t h t h e o t h e r m u s c l e s in t h i s r e g i o n , t o attach the shoulder girdle to the axial skeleton. 9. M . l e v a t o r s c a p u l a e s u p e r i o r (level 5, F i g s . 1 0 , 1 5 ) . T h e o r i g i n of t h i s m u s c l e is f r o m t h e p r o o t i c a n d e x o c c i p i t a l b o n e s o f t h e s k u l l , j u s t ventral a n d posterior t o t h e ear r e g i o n , a n d separated by t h e t e m p o r a l i s m u s c l e f r o m t h e o r i g i n of t h e m .

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