By Philippe Block, Jan Knippers, Niloy J. Mitra, Wenping Wang
This booklet includes 24 technical papers provided on the fourth variation of the Advances in Architectural Geometry convention, AAG 2014, held in London, England, September 2014. It bargains engineers, mathematicians, designers, and contractors perception into the effective layout, research, and manufacture of advanced shapes, with the intention to support open up new horizons for architecture.
The publication examines geometric elements all for architectural layout, starting from preliminary perception to ultimate fabrication. It specializes in 4 key themes: utilized geometry, structure, computational layout, and in addition perform within the type of case stories. moreover, the e-book additionally positive factors algorithms, proposed implementation, experimental effects, and illustrations.
Overall, the publication provides either theoretical and useful paintings associated with new geometrical advancements in structure. It gathers the varied parts of the modern architectural trends that push the development envelope in the direction of loose shape on the way to reply to a number of present layout challenges.
With its advent of novel computational algorithms and instruments, this publication will turn out a terrific source to either novices to the sphere in addition to complex practitioners.
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Extra info for Advances in Architectural Geometry 2014
The strength and orientation of each force provide information about where the structure can be efficiently reinforced, enabling the generation of winding paths from the derived force vectors. Simultaneously, the resulting winding paths are informed by the general fabrication logic, ensuring that only feasible winding paths are generated. The density of these additional fibres is varied depending on the strength of the forces, leading to an individual fibre layout for each component that altogether forms a global structurally active construction.
For curved geometries, in particular vaults, ‘Trulli’, stacked stone vaults in southern Italy (Fig. 7), and nineteenth century glass structures (Lauriks 2008) were taken as a reference. The goal of the algorithmic modeling is to provide an automated design tool which can accommodate to various surface types (Fig. 8). The choice of double curved surfaces was made to ensure that the system accommodates to a large variety of surfaces, flat and single curved surfaces being considered as particular cases of double curvature ones.
The problem was addressed by allowing each tensile member to continue past the centre of the element and exit at the wrist (Fig. 6, Right). In order to investigate the structural potential of the principle, simple fracture tests were carried out (Fig. 7, Left). The experiments indicated that there is a torque capacity of the structure during construction. In the tests, a 4 mm threaded rod was used, and the height dimension (thickness) of the concrete was 80 mm. The tests showed that it is the tension rod that breaks before the concrete is crushed, which Fig.