By Sarah Borden Sharkey (auth.)
This booklet articulates the theoretical outlines of a feminism constructed from Aristotle’s metaphysics, creating a new contribution to feminist concept. Readers will notice why Aristotle was once no longer a feminist and the way he may have turn into one, via an research of Aristotle and Aristotelian culture. the writer exhibits how Aristotle’s metaphysics can be utilized to articulate a very refined and theoretically robust figuring out of gender that can provide a hugely great tool for distinctively feminist arguments.
This paintings builds on Martha Nussbaum’s ‘capabilities procedure’ in a extra explicitly and punctiliously hylomorphist approach. the writer indicates how Aristotle’s hylomorphic version, built to run among the extremes of Platonic dualism and Democritean atomism, can equally be used at the present time to articulate a view of gender that takes physically adjustments heavily with out lowering gender to organic determinations.
Although written for theorists, this scholarly but available publication can be utilized to deal with more effective matters and the ultimate bankruptcy explores girls in universities as one instance. This booklet will attract either feminists with restricted familiarity with Aristotle’s philosophy, and students of Aristotle with constrained familiarity with feminism.
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Extra resources for An Aristotelian Feminism
Nussbaum’s focus is quite attentive to the situation of women, and her capabilities approach offers resources for both understanding the nature of women’s inequality and offering reasons for working to overcome it. It seems right to give Nussbaum’s work the title of ‘Aristotelian feminism’; our capabilities are, in Nussbaum’s hands, as in Aristotle’s, potencies distinctive to being human, which must be developed (insofar as they are) in and through our material conditions, and they can be developed well or ill.
69 Fausto-Sterling says, regarding differences in strength: of Sexing the Body are a bit broader than her earlier book, but she includes discussion of the development of gender and supposed differences between girls’ and boys’ brains, as well as extensive discussion of intersexuality. 66 These are among the differences Edward O. Wilson points to in his On Human Nature (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1978), 127. 67 See Fausto-Sterling, Myths of Gender, 214. 68 Fausto-Sterling, 218–219.
69 See Fausto-Sterling, 216, citing a 1974 article in the journal Women Sports. We might also ask how much cultural factors play into our assumptions about what it means to be un-athletic for women and for men. The Role of Biology in an Aristotelian Feminism 23 The average strength differences between men and women result at least in part from men’s larger size. The upper body strength of the average female (that is, strength derived from arms and shoulders) is about half that of the average male although, when matched for size, a woman has 80 percent of a man’s upper body strength.