By Timothy J Henderson
Content material: record of Figures. sequence Editor's Preface. Acknowledgments. advent. 1. Beginnings: 1848-1920. 2. restrict, melancholy, and Deportation: The Nineteen Twenties and Nineteen Thirties. three. The Bracero period: 1942-1964. four. unlawful Immigration and reaction: 1964-1990. five. loose alternate and native land safety: 1990-Present. Epilogue and end
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Extra resources for Beyond borders : a concise history of Mexican migration to the United States
By 1923 the US economy had rebounded, and the welcome mat was once again rolled out for Mexicans. 2 Restriction, Depression, and Deportation The 1920s and 1930s I n the United States the first couple of decades of the twentieth century witnessed a rising tide of nationalism and xenophobia. The most prominent targets of that building hatred were Asians and eastern Europeans, though Mexican immigration reached sufficient volume by the 1920s that Mexicans were awarded a place of honor on the unwanted list.
And, since the center-north was between central Mexico and northern border, railroads crisscrossed it like a spider’s web, ensuring that the destruction was especially intense there. Agriculture in that region, which before the revolution was among the most productive in the country, was virtually destroyed. Terrifying though it was, the violence and hardship of the revolution were not necessarily the definitive factors in provoking massive migration. They certainly provided an important “push,” but only when the push was joined by the “pull” of available, relatively high-paying jobs in the United States did migration really pick up.
Well-connected individuals were able to buy socalled “swamplands” that had been given to the state by the federal government, paying only a nominal fee. ” By 1870 one five hundredth of the state’s population owned half of the state’s farmland, and those folks were, of course, well positioned when land values increased after 1900. ”6 Beginnings 21 Aspiring homesteaders arriving in California were out of luck. Many of those who received no land, or who were forced off of land they thought was their own, became tenant farmers or joined a burgeoning army of migrant workers, soon a fixture on the California landscape.